中国的主题， 以感恩为主, 将人类生存的几大要素相结合: 田野和土地是养育人类的基础, 希望是展望未来, 食物给大家带来生命。
主题中很重要的一部分是追求人类与自然的平衡。 正如同农民爱护保卫土地一样, 人类必须关爱我们的地球。
4590平米的展馆面积涵盖了三大主题: 大自然的恩赐 – 展示了粮食根据中国日历和五色土地的原理的生长历程； 生命的食物 – 展示食物的制作过程， 如豆腐及其他食物， 以及中国的八大菜系及茶道； 技术和未来 – 展现科学的发展， 如袁隆平博士的杂交水稻， 农业循环利用技术及粮食生长周期追踪等。
这是中国在世界博览会上第一次自建展馆， 是展现中国作为一个伟大的民族以及世界第二大经济社会的机会。 这是中国第一次向世界展示自己的农业文化、 历史及未来。 各省市自治区也将以活动的形式参与其中。 这也是第一次将由中国企业在他们自己建造的展馆中做展示。
该项目由清华大学与北京清尚环境与建筑设计研究所联合制作。 设计理念结合自然景观与城市天际线。 产品、 大米、 小麦等被结合于展馆各空间、 地板、 及其他元素中以呼应中国传统建筑。展馆包括“天堂”，“大地”，“人”与“和谐”等展区。 展馆中由中国各省市举办的活动、 文化周等。 展馆中摆放2019年北京国际园艺博览会的宣传资料，且有与来自中国不同地区的20个高级别代表的交流项目。
Theme: "Land of Hope, Food for Life"
China’s theme captures an attitude of thankfulness, respect and cooperation that characterizes its people: the land has fed man from its beginnings and hope suggests the prospect of a future where food can offer life to everyone.
Agriculture, food, environment, sustainable development are the focal points of China's participation in Expo Milano 2015. Its aim is to recall the tenet of Chinese philosophy that "man is part of nature," and to illustrate its cultural traditions and progress in the areas of agriculture, showcasing the great strides made in the use of resources for providing a sufficient supply of good and healthy food.
The underlying theme is the pursuit of balance between mankind and the environment, between humanity and nature. Just as the farmer looks after and protects the earth, so must people care for the planet.
The exhibition area of 4,590 square meters unfolds around three themes. "The Gift of Nature" illustrates crop processes according to the Chinese lunisolar calendar and the five colors of the soil. "Food for Life" shows the production path of foods including tofu and other dishes, China’s famous eight schools of cuisine, and its tea culture. "Technology and the Future" charts the progress of science, including the hybrid rice of Professor Yuan Longping, recycling in agriculture and techniques for tracking the Internet of things.
This is the first time that China participates in a Universal Exposition with a self-built pavilion, symbolizing its commitment as a vast nation and the second largest economy in the world. For the first time, China is committed to illustrate and explain details of its agricultural policy, ranging from its history to the innovations of the future. Individual cities and provinces will also be present with rich and colorful events. And, for the first time ever, there will also be Chinese companies in their own self-built pavilions.
The project was developed by a consortium created by Tsinghua University and by the Beijing Qingshang Environmental & Architectural Design Institute. The forms of the natural landscape on the one side are transfused and combined with those of a city skyline on the other. Products, rice, wheat, are located in the spaces, floors and other elements that echo traditional Chinese architecture. The various exhibition areas are called "Heaven," "Earth," "Man" and "Harmony". The pavilion also hosts daily events, cultural weeks organized in turns by Chinese provinces and municipalities, promotional materials of the Beijing International Horticultural Exposition of 2019 and an exchange program with 20 high level delegations from different regions of China.